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Fatehpur Sikri Travel

Perched atop a rocky ridge 37 km west of Agra, Fatehpur Sikri came into being four centuries ago when the Emperor Akbar, not yet 28 years old, created the first planned city in Indo-Islamic style. The city was actualised with great energy, but was completely abandoned a little more than a decade later. In 1568, Akbar was secure andFatehpur Sikri powerful but he had no son and heir. His search for blessing for the birth of a successor brought him to the Sufi mystic Shaikh Salim Chisti, who lived in Sikri village.

The saint prophesied the birth of three sons and soon after was born Prince Salim, later to become Emperor Jahangir. In gratitude for the blessing Akbar decided to create imperial residences in Sikri, which would function as a joint capital with Agra. As a mark of his faith and his recent victories, he named his new city Fatehpur Sikri. Akbar was a keen builder and the plan of Fatehpur Sikri reveals an architectural mastermind at work. Research has proved that it was planned on a definite mathematical grid.

Sufi saint Sheikh Salim Chishti, who lived in the village of Sikri near Agra, predicted that Akbar would have three sons. As per the prediction, one of the Rajput queens of Akbar - Maryam Zamani or Mary of the Age - gave birth to a son in 1569 and was named as Salim after the Saint. Subsequently, Akbar was blessed with two more sons. Akbar built the city of Fatehpur Sikri to show his gratitude to the Sufi saint Sheikh Salim Chishti and to celebrate his victory in Gujarat.

Located at a distance of about 37 kms from Agra, this hill-top city was built with red sandstone. The city is divided into royal and spiritual enclosures. The royal enclosure comprises of nine palaces, the harem and official buildings. The nine palaces are Ankh Michauli, Diwan I Khas, Astrologer's Seat, Panch Mahal, Girl's School, Turkish Sultana, Anup Talao, Khwabgah and Diwan I Am.

Among other important buildings within this walled city of Fartehpur Sikri are the tomb of Shaikh Salim Chishti, the Sufi Fakir who is said to have granted Akbar and his queen Jodhabai their wish for a son; 'Naubat'-or 'Naqqar Khana' (drum-house), 'Taksal' (mint), 'Karkhanas' (royal workshop), 'Khazana' (treasury), Hakim's quarters, Diwan-i-Am (hall of public audience), House of Maryam also called "Sunahra Makan" (Golden House), Palace of Jodh Bai, Birbal's house, etc. Fatehpursikri, however remained capital for only a short period for it had to be abandoned due to shortage of water. Still, the major reason why visitors from all over the world throng this Mughal citadel when they come to Agra are the historical and architectural marvels situated within it. Fatehpur Sikri is unique, architecturally intriguing, the architectural grandeur of Fatehpur Sikri cannot be described in words and one can only experience the aura of its magnificent edifices by seeing them.
  • Diwan-I-Am
    Diwan-I-Am or the Hall Of Public Audience was used for the public meetings. The place was also used for celebrations and public prayers.
  • Diwan-khana-I-khaas
    Exquisitely built, Diwan-I-khaas or Hall Of Private Audience was used by the emperors for private meetings.
  • The Jami Masjid
    Jama Masjid is one of the largest mosques in India, was built in 1571 AD. Inside the masjid, there is a vast congregational coutyard. On the right side, at the corner, is the Jammat Khana Hall and next to this is the tomb of the royal ladies. On the left side of the Jami Masjid is the Stone Cutters’ mosque, the oldest place of worship at Fateh Pur Sikri.
  • Buland Darwaza
    Buland Darwaza is the highest and grandest gateway in India and ranks among the biggest in the world. It can be approached by a 13-metre flight of steps from outside, which adds to its splendour. The gate was raised in 1602 AD to commemorate Akbar’s victory over Deccan.
Timings & Entry Fees
» Foreigners: Rs 485/-
» Indians: INR Rs 50/-
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